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Php的安装以及验证apache

作者:ANLJF的专栏  发布日期:2011-08-30 20:08:13

Php安装

tar jxf php-5.3.8.tar.bz2

cd php-5.3.8

./configure --with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apxs--with-mysql

make

make install

 

编译php报错情况

php-5.3.8]# ./configure--with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs --with-mysql

checking for specifiedlocation of the MySQL UNIX socket... no

configure: error: Cannotfind MySQL header files under yes.

Note that the MySQLclient library is not bundled anymore!

 

原因是没有找到mysql库的位置

现在把上述命令改成如下:

./configure--with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql

如果编译成功的话应该显示如下结束信息:

Generatingfiles

updatingcache ./config.cache

creating./config.status

creatingphp5.spec

creatingmain/build-defs.h

creatingscripts/phpize

creatingscripts/man1/phpize.1

creatingscripts/php-config

creatingscripts/man1/php-config.1

creatingsapi/cli/php.1

creatingmain/php_config.h

creatingmain/internal_functions.c

creatingmain/internal_functions_cli.c

+--------------------------------------------------------------------+

|License:                                                          |

|This software is subject to the PHP License, available in this     |

|distribution in the file LICENSE.  Bycontinuing this installation |

|process, you are bound by the terms of this license agreement.     |

|If you do not agree with the terms of this license, you must abort |

|the installation process at this point.                            |

+--------------------------------------------------------------------+

 

Thankyou for using PHP.

 


cp php.ini-development /usr/local/lib/php.ini
 
vi /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf      添加下列行
LoadModule php5_module modules/libphp5.so
 
<FilesMatch \.php$>
    SetHandler application/x-httpd-php
</FilesMatch>
 
 

启动apache

安装完apache和php以后就可以启动apache了

有可能遇到apache80端口被占用的情况

[root@XKWB5705 ~]#/usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl start

(98)Address already inuse: make_sock: could not bind to address 0.0.0.0:80

no listening sockets available,shutting down

Unable to open logs

[root@XKWB5705 ~]# netstat -anpt|grep 80         #以下结果果真验证了80端口被占用,原来apache已经启动

tcp       0      0 0.0.0.0:80                  0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      4347/httpd

 
下面是通过访问web验证apache安装成功的艰难路程

1)  查看apache进程是否启动

2) 查看apache日志(进程号)

 
3)  apache配置文件是否加载了php模块

 
4)  apache默认的支持选项

原来:

 
修改后                                                                                                                                                                                 

 
5)  web默认的访问页面index.html

[root@XKWB5705 ~]# cat/usr/local/apache/htdocs/index.html

Aniya

 

另一个支持的访问页面是index.php

[root@XKWB5705 ~]# cat/usr/local/apache/htdocs/index.php

<?

phpinfo()

?>
 

6)  selinux关掉

7)  看看防火墙iptables有没有限制

 
从以上截图可以看到防火墙是没有限制的

 
准备工作做好了,可是通过访问IP还是无法访问

这是怎么回事呢

最后停掉iptables
 

再次访问 http://211.100.97.250/ 成功

什么原因呢?

原来是有人捣乱,私底下使用setup命令,对相关服务做了设置

Setup命令弹出的对话框

Tag标签: 安装   以及   验证   apache  
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