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FTP文件管理

作者:stoneniqiu  来源:IT165收集  发布日期:2015-12-23 19:58:35

因为网站有下载文件需要和网站分离,使用到了FTP管理文件,这里做一个简单的整理。

1.安装FTP

 和安装iis一样。全部勾选。

 设置站点名称和路径。

 

 设置ip。

 

 身份授权选择所有用户,可以读写。

 

 完成之后 IIS就会出现:

 

2.添加FTP用户

计算机-->管理-->本地用户和组。 添加用户,描述为FTP。

这里要设置用户的密码方式,去掉“用户下次登录时必须更改密码”的选项。

 

 不然会登录不成功。报530错误。

3.测试登录

ftp ip 就可以访问。显示230 user logged in 表示登录成功。 

4.上传下载

 FtpHelper:

 public static class FtpHelper
    {
        //基本设置
        private const string Path = @'ftp://192.168.253.4:21/'; //目标路径
        private const string Ftpip = '192.168.253.4'; // GetAppConfig('obj');    //ftp IP地址
        private const string Username = 'stone'; //GetAppConfig('username');   //ftp用户名
        private const string Password = '111111'; //GetAppConfig('password');   //ftp密码
       // 2M 可能不够
        private const int bufferSize = 2048;

        /// <summary>
        /// 获取自定义配置的值
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name='strKey'>键值</param>
        /// <returns>键值对应的值</returns>
        public static string GetAppConfig(string strKey)
        {
            foreach (string key in ConfigurationManager.AppSettings)
            {
                if (key == strKey)
                {
                    return ConfigurationManager.AppSettings[strKey];
                }
            }
            return null;
        }

        //获取ftp上面的文件和文件夹
        public static string[] GetFileList(string dir)
        {
            var result = new StringBuilder();
            try
            {
                var ftpRequest = FtpRequest(Path, WebRequestMethods.Ftp.ListDirectory);

                WebResponse response = ftpRequest.GetResponse();
                var reader = new StreamReader(response.GetResponseStream());

                string line = reader.ReadLine();
                while (line != null)
                {
                    result.Append(line);
                    result.Append('
');
                    Console.WriteLine(line);
                    line = reader.ReadLine();
                }
                // to remove the trailing '
'
                result.Remove(result.ToString().LastIndexOf('
'), 1);
                reader.Close();
                response.Close();
                return result.ToString().Split('
');
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine('获取ftp上面的文件和文件夹:' + ex.Message);
                return new[] {''};
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        ///     获取文件大小
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name='file'>ip服务器下的相对路径</param>
        /// <returns>文件大小</returns>
        public static int GetFileSize(string file)
        {
            var result = new StringBuilder();
            FtpWebRequest request;
            try
            {
                request = (FtpWebRequest) WebRequest.Create(new Uri(Path + file));
                request.UseBinary = true;
                request.Credentials = new NetworkCredential(Username, Password); //设置用户名和密码
                request.Method = WebRequestMethods.Ftp.GetFileSize;

                var dataLength = (int) request.GetResponse().ContentLength;

                return dataLength;
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine('获取文件大小出错:' + ex.Message);
                return -1;
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        ///     文件上传
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name='localFile'>原路径(绝对路径)包括文件名</param>
        /// <param name='remoteFile'>目标文件夹:服务器下的相对路径 不填为根目录</param>
        public static bool UpLoad(string localFile, string remoteFile = '')
        {
            try
            {
                string url = Path;
                if (remoteFile != '')
                    url += remoteFile + '/';
                try
                {
                    //待上传的文件 (全路径)
                    try
                    {
                        var fileInfo = new FileInfo(localFile);
                        using (FileStream fs = fileInfo.OpenRead())
                        {
                            long length = fs.Length;
                            FtpWebRequest reqFtp = FtpRequest(url + fileInfo.Name,WebRequestMethods.Ftp.UploadFile);
                            using (Stream stream = reqFtp.GetRequestStream())
                            {
                                //设置缓冲大小
                                int BufferLength = 5120;
                                var b = new byte[BufferLength];
                                int i;
                                while ((i = fs.Read(b, 0, BufferLength)) > 0)
                                {
                                    stream.Write(b, 0, i);
                                }
                                Console.WriteLine('上传文件成功');
                                return true;
                            }
                        }
                    }
                    catch (Exception ex)
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine('上传文件失败错误为' + ex.Message);
                    }
                    finally
                    {
                    }
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine('上传文件失败错误为' + ex.Message);
                }
                finally
                {
                }
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine('上传文件失败错误为' + ex.Message);
            }
            return false;
        }

        public static bool UpLoad(Stream localFileStream, string remoteFile)
        {
            bool result = true;
            try
            {
                var ftpRequest = FtpRequest(Path + remoteFile, WebRequestMethods.Ftp.UploadFile);
                var ftpStream = ftpRequest.GetRequestStream();
                var byteBuffer = new byte[bufferSize];
                int bytesSent = localFileStream.Read(byteBuffer, 0, bufferSize);

                try
                {
                    while (bytesSent != 0)
                    {
                        ftpStream.Write(byteBuffer, 0, bytesSent);
                        bytesSent = localFileStream.Read(byteBuffer, 0, bufferSize);
                    }
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(ex.ToString());
                    result = false;
                }

                localFileStream.Close();
                ftpStream.Close();
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(ex.ToString());
                result = false;
            }
            return result;
        }


        public static FtpWebRequest FtpRequest(string requstUrl,string method,bool closedResponse=false)
        {
            var reqFtp = (FtpWebRequest) WebRequest.Create(new Uri(requstUrl));
            //设置连接到FTP的帐号密码
            reqFtp.Credentials = new NetworkCredential(Username, Password);
            //设置请求完成后是否保持连接
            reqFtp.KeepAlive = false;
            //指定执行命令
            reqFtp.Method = method;
            //指定数据传输类型
            reqFtp.UseBinary = true;

            if (closedResponse)
            {
                var resp=reqFtp.GetResponse();
                resp.Close();
            }

            return reqFtp;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 下载
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name='localFile'>目的位置</param>
        /// <param name='remoteFile'>服务器相对位置</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static bool Download(string localFile,string remoteFile)
        {
            bool check = true;
            try
            {
                var outputStream = new FileStream(localFile, FileMode.Create);
                var ftpRequest = FtpRequest(Path + remoteFile, WebRequestMethods.Ftp.DownloadFile);

                var response = (FtpWebResponse)ftpRequest.GetResponse();
                Stream ftpStream = response.GetResponseStream();
                long cl = response.ContentLength;
                int bufferSize = 2048;
                int readCount;
                var buffer = new byte[bufferSize];

                readCount = ftpStream.Read(buffer, 0, bufferSize);
                while (readCount > 0)
                {
                    outputStream.Write(buffer, 0, readCount); 
                    readCount = ftpStream.Read(buffer, 0, bufferSize);
                }
                ftpStream.Close();
                outputStream.Close();
                response.Close();
            }
            catch (Exception err)
            {
                check = false;
            }
            return check;
        }

        public static Stream Download(string remoteFile)
        {
            var ftpRequest = FtpRequest(Path + remoteFile, WebRequestMethods.Ftp.DownloadFile);
            var response = (FtpWebResponse)ftpRequest.GetResponse();
            Stream ftpStream = response.GetResponseStream();
            return ftpStream;
        }

        /// <summary>
        ///     删除文件
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name='fileName'>服务器下的相对路径 包括文件名</param>
        public static void DeleteFileName(string fileName)
        {
            try
            {
               FtpRequest(Path + fileName, WebRequestMethods.Ftp.DeleteFile,true);
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine('删除文件出错:' + ex.Message);
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 新建目录 上一级必须先存在
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name='dirName'>服务器下的相对路径</param>
        public static void MakeDir(string dirName)
        {
            try
            {
                FtpRequest(Path + dirName, WebRequestMethods.Ftp.MakeDirectory, true);
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine('创建目录出错:' + ex.Message);
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 删除目录 上一级必须先存在
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name='dirName'>服务器下的相对路径</param>
        public static void DelDir(string dirName)
        {
            try
            {
               FtpRequest(Path + dirName, WebRequestMethods.Ftp.RemoveDirectory,true);
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine('删除目录出错:' + ex.Message);
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        ///     从ftp服务器上获得文件夹列表
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name='requedstPath'>服务器下的相对路径</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static List<string> GetDirctory(string requedstPath)
        {
            var strs = new List<string>();
            try
            {
                var reqFtp = FtpRequest(Path + requedstPath, WebRequestMethods.Ftp.ListDirectoryDetails);
                WebResponse response = reqFtp.GetResponse();
                var reader = new StreamReader(response.GetResponseStream()); //中文文件名

                string line = reader.ReadLine();
                while (line != null)
                {
                    if (line.Contains('<DIR>'))
                    {
                        string msg = line.Substring(line.LastIndexOf('<DIR>') + 5).Trim();
                        strs.Add(msg);
                    }
                    line = reader.ReadLine();
                }
                reader.Close();
                response.Close();
                return strs;
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine('获取目录出错:' + ex.Message);
            }
            return strs;
        }

        /// <summary>
        ///     从ftp服务器上获得文件列表
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name='requedstPath'>服务器下的相对路径</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static List<string> GetFile(string requedstPath)
        {
            var strs = new List<string>();
            try
            {
                var reqFtp = FtpRequest(Path + requedstPath, WebRequestMethods.Ftp.ListDirectoryDetails);
                WebResponse response = reqFtp.GetResponse();
                var reader = new StreamReader(response.GetResponseStream()); //中文文件名

                string line = reader.ReadLine();
                while (line != null)
                {
                    if (!line.Contains('<DIR>'))
                    {
                        string msg = line.Substring(39).Trim();
                        strs.Add(msg);
                    }
                    line = reader.ReadLine();
                }
                reader.Close();
                response.Close();
                return strs;
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine('获取文件出错:' + ex.Message);
            }
            return strs;
        }
    }

主要是通过创建FtpRequest来处理Ftp相关请求。

  public static FtpWebRequest FtpRequest(string requstUrl,string method,bool closedResponse=false)
        {
            var reqFtp = (FtpWebRequest) WebRequest.Create(new Uri(requstUrl));
            //设置连接到FTP的帐号密码
            reqFtp.Credentials = new NetworkCredential(Username, Password);
            //设置请求完成后是否保持连接
            reqFtp.KeepAlive = false;
            //指定执行命令
            reqFtp.Method = method;
            //指定数据传输类型
            reqFtp.UseBinary = true;
            if (closedResponse)
            {
                var resp=reqFtp.GetResponse();
                resp.Close();
            }
            return reqFtp;
        }

因为在MVC网站中使用的文件流的方式。

下载:

   public static Stream Download(string remoteFile)
        {
            var ftpRequest = FtpRequest(Path + remoteFile, WebRequestMethods.Ftp.DownloadFile);
            var response = (FtpWebResponse)ftpRequest.GetResponse();
            Stream ftpStream = response.GetResponseStream();
            return ftpStream;
        }

调用:

 public ActionResult DownloadFileFromFtp()
        {
             var filepath = 'DIAView//simple.png';
              var stream = FtpHelper.Download(filepath);
            return File(stream, FileHelper.GetContentType('.png'),'test.png');
        }

上传:

  public static bool UpLoad(Stream localFileStream, string remoteFile)
        {
            bool result = true;
            try
            {
                var ftpRequest = FtpRequest(Path + remoteFile, WebRequestMethods.Ftp.UploadFile);
                var ftpStream = ftpRequest.GetRequestStream();
                var byteBuffer = new byte[bufferSize];
                int bytesSent = localFileStream.Read(byteBuffer, 0, bufferSize);

                try
                {
                    while (bytesSent != 0)
                    {
                        ftpStream.Write(byteBuffer, 0, bytesSent);
                        bytesSent = localFileStream.Read(byteBuffer, 0, bufferSize);
                    }
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(ex.ToString());
                    result = false;
                }

                localFileStream.Close();
                ftpStream.Close();
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(ex.ToString());
                result = false;
            }
            return result;
        }

调用:

      [HttpPost]
        public JsonResult UploadFile(HttpPostedFileBase fileData)
        {
           if (fileData != null)
            {
               string fileName = Path.GetFileName(fileData.FileName);// 原始文件名称
                string saveName = Encrypt.GenerateOrderNumber() +'_'+fileName;  
                FtpHelper.UpLoad(fileData.InputStream, 'DIAView' + '/' + saveName);
                return Json(new { Success = true, FileName = fileName, SaveName = saveName}, JsonRequestBehavior.AllowGet);
            }
            return Json(new { Success = false, Message = '请选择要上传的文件!' }, JsonRequestBehavior.AllowGet);
        }

Ftp还可以设置不同用户有不同的目录,是以为记。

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