读官方指南经历Mysql5.6服务安装

作者:野马红尘  发布日期:2013-07-10 09:13:52

   上一次安装完成Mysql5.6服务,一段时间后发生异常,Mysql服务无法启动进程终止: 1067;网上找了好多方法还是没能解决这个问题,今天重新安装Mysql5.6,同样出现这个问题,后来通过阅读

MySQL 5.6 Reference Manual Including MySQL Cluster NDB 7.3 Reference Guide

这个问题最终得以解决了。

  下面是安装Mysql On Windows 解压安装方式。

  1. 下载Mysql安装包:mysql-5.6.12-win32.zip;

  2. 解压安装到D:\__dev下;

  3. 添加环境变量,创建MYSQL_HOME变量,


MYSQL_HOME=D:\__dev\mysql-5.6.12-win32

配置Path路径,、bin


%MYSQL_HOME%\bin;

修改mysql-5.6.12-win32下的my-default.ini文件


#Path to installation directory. All paths are usually resolved relative to this. 
#basedir="C:/Program Files/MySQL/MySQL Server 5.0/"
basedir = D:/__dev/mysql-5.6.12-win32 
#Path to the database root 
#datadir="C:/Program Files/MySQL/MySQL Server 5.0/Data/"
datadir = D:/__dev/mysql-5.6.12-win32/data

  如上图配置basedir和datadir.

  在开发指南上有精简配置如下图:

 

5. 使用管理员权限运行命令窗口,切换工作目录为Path目录下,安装Mysql服务


mysqld -install 
出现Service successfully installed. 
表示安装服务成功

6. 启动mysql服务


 

net start mysql

7.登录到mysql,并修改root用户密码,默认为空

 

mysql>mysq -uroot 
mysql>update mysql.user set password=PASSWORD('root') where User='root'

问题解决了,mysql5.6的配置文件在安装目录下,名字已经变为my-default.ini.

详细配置信息如下:


[client] 
port=3306 
[mysql] 
#default-character-set=latin1 
default-character-set=utf8 
[mysqld] 
# The TCP/IP Port the MySQL Server will listen on 
port=3306 
#log-error=c:\error.log 
#Path to installation directory. All paths are usually resolved relative to this. 
#basedir="C:/Program Files/MySQL/MySQL Server 5.0/" 
basedir = D:/__dev/mysql-5.6.12-win32 
#Path to the database root 
#datadir="C:/Program Files/MySQL/MySQL Server 5.0/Data/" 
datadir = D:/__dev/mysql-5.6.12-win32/data
# The default character set that will be used when a new schema or table is 
# created and no character set is defined 
default-character-set=utf8 
# The default storage engine that will be used when create new tables when 
default-storage-engine=INNODB 
# Set the SQL mode to strict 
sql-mode="STRICT_TRANS_TABLES,NO_AUTO_CREATE_USER,NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION"
# The maximum amount of concurrent sessions the MySQL server will 
# allow. One of these connections will be reserved for a user with 
# SUPER privileges to allow the administrator to login even if the 
# connection limit has been reached. 
max_connections=100 
# Query cache is used to cache SELECT results and later return them 
# without actual executing the same query once again. Having the query 
# cache enabled may result in significant speed improvements, if your 
# have a lot of identical queries and rarely changing tables. See the 
# "Qcache_lowmem_prunes" status variable to check if the current value 
# is high enough for your load. 
# Note: In case your tables change very often or if your queries are 
# textually different every time, the query cache may result in a 
# slowdown instead of a performance improvement. 
query_cache_size=0 
# The number of open tables for all threads. Increasing this value 
# increases the number of file descriptors that mysqld requires. 
# Therefore you have to make sure to set the amount of open files 
# allowed to at least 4096 in the variable "open-files-limit" in 
# section [mysqld_safe] 
table_cache=256 
# Maximum size for internal (in-memory) temporary tables. If a table 
# grows larger than this value, it is automatically converted to disk 
# based table This limitation is for a single table. There can be many 
# of them. 
tmp_table_size=15M 
# How many threads we should keep in a cache for reuse. When a client 
# disconnects, the client's threads are put in the cache if there aren't 
# more than thread_cache_size threads from before.  This greatly reduces 
# the amount of thread creations needed if you have a lot of new 
# connections. (Normally this doesn't give a notable performance 
# improvement if you have a good thread implementation.) 
thread_cache_size=8 
#*** MyISAM Specific options 
# The maximum size of the temporary file MySQL is allowed to use while 
# recreating the index (during REPAIR, ALTER TABLE or LOAD DATA INFILE. 
# If the file-size would be bigger than this, the index will be created 
# through the key cache (which is slower). 
myisam_max_sort_file_size=100G 
# If the temporary file used for fast index creation would be bigger 
# than using the key cache by the amount specified here, then prefer the 
# key cache method.  This is mainly used to force long character keys in 
# large tables to use the slower key cache method to create the index. 
myisam_max_extra_sort_file_size=100G 
# If the temporary file used for fast index creation would be bigger 
# than using the key cache by the amount specified here, then prefer the 
# key cache method.  This is mainly used to force long character keys in 
# large tables to use the slower key cache method to create the index. 
myisam_sort_buffer_size=30M 
# Size of the Key Buffer, used to cache index blocks for MyISAM tables. 
# Do not set it larger than 30% of your available memory, as some memory 
# is also required by the OS to cache rows. Even if you're not using 
# MyISAM tables, you should still set it to 8-64M as it will also be 
# used for internal temporary disk tables. 
key_buffer_size=22M 
# Size of the buffer used for doing full table scans of MyISAM tables. 
# Allocated per thread, if a full scan is needed. 
read_buffer_size=64K 
read_rnd_buffer_size=256K 
# This buffer is allocated when MySQL needs to rebuild the index in 
# REPAIR, OPTIMZE, ALTER table statements as well as in LOAD DATA INFILE 
# into an empty table. It is allocated per thread so be careful with 
# large settings. 
sort_buffer_size=256K 
#*** INNODB Specific options *** 
# Use this option if you have a MySQL server with InnoDB support enabled 
# but you do not plan to use it. This will save memory and disk space 
# and speed up some things. 
#skip-innodb 
# Additional memory pool that is used by InnoDB to store metadata 
# information.  If InnoDB requires more memory for this purpose it will 
# start to allocate it from the OS.  As this is fast enough on most 
# recent operating systems, you normally do not need to change this 
# value. SHOW INNODB STATUS will display the current amount used. 
innodb_additional_mem_pool_size=2M 
# If set to 1, InnoDB will flush (fsync) the transaction logs to the 
# disk at each commit, which offers full ACID behavior. If you are 
# willing to compromise this safety, and you are running small 
# transactions, you may set this to 0 or 2 to reduce disk I/O to the 
# logs. Value 0 means that the log is only written to the log file and 
# the log file flushed to disk approximately once per second. Value 2 
# means the log is written to the log file at each commit, but the log 
# file is only flushed to disk approximately once per second. 
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit=1 
# The size of the buffer InnoDB uses for buffering log data. As soon as 
# it is full, InnoDB will have to flush it to disk. As it is flushed 
# once per second anyway, it does not make sense to have it very large 
# (even with long transactions). 
innodb_log_buffer_size=1M 
# InnoDB, unlike MyISAM, uses a buffer pool to cache both indexes and 
# row data. The bigger you set this the less disk I/O is needed to 
# access data in tables. On a dedicated database server you may set this 
# parameter up to 80% of the machine physical memory size. Do not set it 
# too large, though, because competition of the physical memory may 
# cause paging in the operating system.  Note that on 32bit systems you 
# might be limited to 2-3.5G of user level memory per process, so do not 
# set it too high. 
innodb_buffer_pool_size=40M 
# Size of each log file in a log group. You should set the combined size 
# of log files to about 25%-100% of your buffer pool size to avoid 
# unneeded buffer pool flush activity on log file overwrite. However, 
# note that a larger logfile size will increase the time needed for the 
# recovery process. 
innodb_log_file_size=20M 
# Number of threads allowed inside the InnoDB kernel. The optimal value 
# depends highly on the application, hardware as well as the OS 
# scheduler properties. A too high value may lead to thread thrashing. 
innodb_thread_concurrency=8 
log-error=D:/__dev/mysql-5.6.12-win32/err.log 
log=D:/__dev/mysql-5.6.12-win32/log.log

配置文件my-default.ini见下载,下载之后去掉后缀名(.txt).

下载:http://www.it165.net/uploadfile/2013/0710/20130710091625288.txt
 

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