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Oracle Study之AIX 6.1安装Oracle 10gR2

作者:天涯客的blog  来源:IT165收集  发布日期:2016-03-03 21:27:24

Oracle Study之--AIX 6.1安装Oracle 10gR2

1、系统硬件平台

#prtconf |more

System Model: IBM,9131-52A  
Machine Serial Number: 10367FG  
Processor Type: PowerPC_POWER5  
Processor Implementation Mode: POWER 5  
Processor Version: PV_5_2  
Number Of Processors: 2  
Processor Clock Speed: 1898 MHz  
CPU Type: 64-bit  
Kernel Type: 64-bit  
LPAR Info: 1 10-367FG  
Memory Size: 1904 MB  
Good Memory Size: 1904 MB  
Platform Firmware level: SF240_219  
Firmware Version: IBM,SF240_219  
Console Login: enable  
Auto Restart: true  
Full Core: false  
   
Network Information  
        Host Name: aix210 
        IP Address: 192.168.8.210  
        Sub Netmask: 255.255.255.0  
        Gateway:   
        Name Server:   
        Domain Name:   
   
Paging Space Information  
        Total Paging Space: 2048MB  
        Percent Used: 2%

2、系统软件环境

#oslevel  -r

6100-01
# lslpp -l bos.adt.base bos.adt.lib bos.adt.libm bos.perf.perfstat bos.perf.libperfstat bos.perf.proctools
 

 Fileset                      Level  State      Description
  ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Path: /usr/lib/objrepos
  bos.adt.base               6.1.1.0  COMMITTED  Base Application Development
                                                 Toolkit
  bos.adt.lib                6.1.0.0  COMMITTED  Base Application Development
                                                 Libraries
  bos.adt.libm               6.1.1.0  COMMITTED  Base Application Development
                                                 Math Library
  bos.perf.libperfstat       6.1.1.0  COMMITTED  Performance Statistics Library
                                                 Interface
  bos.perf.perfstat          6.1.1.0  COMMITTED  Performance Statistics
                                                 Interface
  bos.perf.proctools         6.1.1.0  COMMITTED  Proc Filesystem Tools
Path: /etc/objrepos
  bos.adt.base               6.1.1.0  COMMITTED  Base Application Development
                                                 Toolkit
  bos.perf.libperfstat       6.1.1.0  COMMITTED  Performance Statistics Library
                                                 Interface
  bos.perf.perfstat          6.1.1.0  COMMITTED  Performance Statistics
                                                 Interface

------ 如果缺少所需的软件,可以从aix 6.1系统盘1#安装!

3、创建Oracle用户和组(install、dba)

# id oracle
uid=300(oracle) gid=300(oinstall) groups=301(dba)
# chown -R oracle:dba /u01
# su - oracle
$ mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle

----并修改Oracle用户对资源访问的限制 !

4、root用户做安装前的环境检测
# ./rootpre.sh
./rootpre.sh output will be logged in /tmp/rootpre.out_16-03-02.15:44:46
Saving the original files in /etc/ora_save_16-03-02.15:44:46....
Copying new kernel extension to /etc....
Loading the kernel extension from /etc
 Oracle Kernel Extension Loader for AIX 
       Copyright (c) 1998,1999 Oracle Corporation 
 Successfully loaded /etc/pw-syscall.64bit_kernel with kmid: 0x20883000
 Successfully configured /etc/pw-syscall.64bit_kernel with kmid: 0x20883000
The kernel extension was successfuly loaded.
Configuring Asynchronous I/O....
Asynchronous I/O is not installed on this system.
You will need to install it, and either configure it yourself using
'smit aio' or rerun the Oracle root installation procedure.

Configuring POSIX Asynchronous I/O....
Posix Asynchronous I/O is not installed on this system.
You will need to install it, and either configure it yourself using
'smit aio' or rerun the Oracle root installation procedure.
Checking if group services should be configured....
Nothing to configure.

---- 检测提示“异步I/O'没有被启用,经查询,在AIX 6.1下会当有I/O请求时,自动启用异步I/O 。

 

查看系统I/O情况:
# ioo -a |grep aio

                    aio_active = 0                      ;aio未启动
                   aio_maxreqs = 65536
                aio_maxservers = 40
                aio_minservers = 10
         aio_server_inactivity = 300
              posix_aio_active = 0                       ;aio未启动
             posix_aio_maxreqs = 65536
          posix_aio_maxservers = 30
          posix_aio_minservers = 3
   posix_aio_server_inactivity = 300

 

5、Oracle用户安装Oracle软件
$ ./runInstaller
**************************************************************************
Your platform requires the root user to perform certain pre-installation
OS preparation.  The root user should run the shell script 'rootpre.sh' be
fore
you proceed with Oracle installation.  rootpre.sh can be found at the top
level 
of the CD or the stage area.
Answer 'y' if root has run 'rootpre.sh' so you can proceed with Oracle 
installation.
Answer 'n' to abort installation and then ask root to run 'rootpre.sh'.
**************************************************************************
Has 'rootpre.sh' been run by root? [y/n] (n)
y


Starting Oracle Universal Installer...
No pre-requisite checks found in oraparam.ini, no system pre-requisite checks will be executed.
Preparing to launch Oracle Universal Installer from /tmp/OraInstall2016-03-02_04-50-31PM. Please wait ...$ Mar 2, 2016 4:50:50 PM java.util.prefs.FileSystemPreferences$2 run
INFO: Created user preferences directory.
Mar 2, 2016 4:50:54 PM java.util.prefs.FileSystemPreferences$3 run
INFO: Created system preferences directory in java.home.

------  可以看到警告信息,Oracle 10gR2默认不支持aix 6.1 !

 

----  Oracle安装成功 !


6、创建listener

$ netca
Oracle Net Services Configuration:


$ lsnrctl status

LSNRCTL for IBM/AIX RISC System/6000: Version 10.2.0.1.0 - Production on 02-MAR-2016 17:21:19
Copyright (c) 1991, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=aix210)(PORT=1521)))
STATUS of the LISTENER
------------------------
Alias                     LISTENER
Version                   TNSLSNR for IBM/AIX RISC System/6000: Version 10.2.0.1.0 - Production
Start Date                02-MAR-2016 17:21:11
Uptime                    0 days 0 hr. 0 min. 8 sec
Trace Level               off
Security                  ON: Local OS Authentication
SNMP                      ON
Listener Parameter File   /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/network/admin/listener.ora
Listener Log File         /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/network/log/listener.log
Listening Endpoints Summary...
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=aix210)(PORT=1521)))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=EXTPROC0)))
Services Summary...
Service 'PLSExtProc' has 1 instance(s).
  Instance 'PLSExtProc', status UNKNOWN, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
The command completed successfully

 

7、创建数据库
$ dbca





 

8、登陆数据库访问

$ sqlplus '/as sysdba'
SQL*Plus: Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production on Wed Mar 2 17:31:46 2016
Copyright (c) 1982, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
Connected to:
Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options
 

SQL> select status from v$instance;
STATUS
------------
OPEN

SQL> show parameter name;
NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
db_file_name_convert                 string
db_name                              string      prod
db_unique_name                       string      prod
global_names                         boolean     FALSE
instance_name                        string      prod
lock_name_space                      string
log_file_name_convert                string
service_names                        string      prod


SQL> select name from v$datafile
  2  union all
  3  select name from v$controlfile;

NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/u01/app/oracle/oradata/prod/system01.dbf
/u01/app/oracle/oradata/prod/undotbs01.dbf
/u01/app/oracle/oradata/prod/sysaux01.dbf
/u01/app/oracle/oradata/prod/users01.dbf
/u01/app/oracle/oradata/prod/example01.dbf
/u01/app/oracle/oradata/prod/control01.ctl
/u01/app/oracle/oradata/prod/control02.ctl
/u01/app/oracle/oradata/prod/control03.ctl
8 rows selected.

查看异步I/O信息,可以看到系统异步I/O已被启用:
# ioo -a |grep aio
                    aio_active = 1
                   aio_maxreqs = 65536
                aio_maxservers = 40
                aio_minservers = 10
         aio_server_inactivity = 300
              posix_aio_active = 1
             posix_aio_maxreqs = 65536
          posix_aio_maxservers = 30
          posix_aio_minservers = 3
   posix_aio_server_inactivity = 300
 

----- 至此,在AIX 6.1上安装Oracle 10gR2成功 !

Tag标签: Oracle   Study之AIX   6   1安装Oracle   10gR2  
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